Varicose veins are caused by problems with the valves in the veins. Varicose veins are much more common in women than in men and even more so in teenagers. Also, in recent years, this disease is becoming "younger". Many believe that the disease manifests itself in women only at the age of 40, but minor manifestations of the disease can begin even in youth.
Causes and risk factors
The causes of varicose veins are largely related to a woman's lifestyle.
The problem arises from the closure of the venous valves. Against this background, bleeding, blood clots, ulcers, anemia, thromboembolism may appear. Without a solution to the problem, the disease even leads to disability. Treatment is done through drugs, laser therapy, or surgery.
With varicose veins, the veins of the lower limbs or upper extremities expand. It proceeds in four stages, during which the vessels are blocked, blood flow is prevented and the venous network changes. The first and second stages are easier to treat. The appearance of varicose veins is influenced by many factors. The causes of varicose veins in women lie in the wrong lifestyle. Most often, the reasons for the event in the fair sex are large sports loads on the legs, frequent use of high-heeled shoes, pregnancy. But few people know that varicose veins can also occur due to hormonal changes. This is why varicose veins are often diagnosed with menopause. An important role is played by a woman's predisposition to him, which is inherited from her parents. In general, an improper lifestyle can affect the manifestation of the disease.
Symptoms of the disease
Initially, women notice that their legs are more tired than before.
Varicose veins occur at different ages. Usually, few people pay attention to the first symptoms of varicose veins in women. Pathology begins completely innocent. The first symptoms are characterized by tired legs, itching or swelling. Many attribute it all to fatigue and a busy work day. They think that if you get a massage and rest for a couple of days, the pain will go away. But it intensifies and becomes chronic; appears not only during movement. The swelling also becomes permanent.
"Varicose asterisks" - signs of varicose veins in women. In this case, a network of veins is visible on the legs. This happens when the valves of the vessels close and blood flow becomes difficult. Then a network of veins can be observed near the knees or calves, which will increase in the future. Characterized by the disease and cramps in the calves, brittle nails on the fingers of the lower limbs. Due to ignorance of the symptoms, small wounds on the legs may appear in the later stages. Along with this, the discomfort increases.
If a problem develops, you should consult a doctor to avoid serious abnormalities. The consequences of varicose veins arise from neglect of one's health. Due to this, various complications begin, from which over time it becomes more and more difficult to get rid of. Few have thought about what ignoring the disease can lead to. For some reason, many believe it will pass by itself or stop early on. The consequences can be chronic pain and the appearance of small wounds. These wounds turn into scars on the woman's skin. And due to the constant clogging of blood vessels, the result can be the formation of large blood clots. At the same time, deformed areas of the skin appear on the legs.
If you don't go to the doctor in time, in the worst case, even a limb amputation is possible.
Treatment of the disease
The pathology requires a mandatory visit to a specialized doctor.
If you identify any problems, you should see a doctor immediately. Only a specialist can prescribe the correct treatment. You must always remember that curing varicose veins alone is as dangerous as ignoring the problem. Varicose veins on the legs of women require complex treatment. It is necessary to turn to strictly focused specialists - phlebologists. They resort to this treatment:
- folk remedies;
The last two treatments are used only for complications and advanced stages. In general, everything can be corrected with the help of special medicinal treatments or alternative methods. A special diet is also needed. But all this treatment must take place under the strict supervision of a specialist doctor. After the treatment, preventive gymnastics will be prescribed.
Folk remedy therapy
Varicose veins of the legs can be treated with lemon, strawberry, raspberry, parsley, grapes and many other remedies. Raspberry and honey can be used as a mask. Strawberries are ground and applied to the skin. And from a mixture of honey and alcohol, a good tincture is obtained, which must be rubbed into the skin of the legs until completely absorbed. These products help improve blood flow, reduce swelling and pain in the legs. Lemon juice makes wonderful baths. And compresses with grape juice and parsley also reduces inflammation in the legs. Ginseng is a universal remedy. Strong ointments are prepared from it. And if you prepare ginseng and let it ferment, you can drink it as a regular tincture. This medicine will give lightness to the legs, relieve pain, fatigue.
To eliminate the pathology, the doctor may prescribe drugs in the form of tablets.
Various drugs can be prescribed at any stage, but they are most effective in the first two. Since the treatment of varicose veins of the legs is complex, the phlebologist will prescribe ointments, tablets. Their action will only work properly if the drugs are used continuously. For example, the ointment should be applied on average three times a day.
Foot ointments or gels can help reduce swelling. They help to quickly get rid of the disease. They also remove inflammation and can contribute to vasodilation. Pain relievers are usually prescribed to relieve the burning sensation in the legs. Angioprotectors are used. They improve blood circulation in the legs. Sometimes special medications are used to "thin" the blood and speed up blood flow.
Operations for varicose veins
In case of serious complications, surgery can help. In the worst cases, amputation is used. After surgery, drugs, diet and gymnastics are prescribed. Only then can we talk about complete recovery. Among the most popular surgical methods are:
- Laser therapy. This is the most popular and cheapest method of treatment - the use of a laser.
- Sclerotherapy, the essence of which is the introduction of a special fluid into a vein, which narrows the lumen.
- Phlebectomy, in which the affected veins are simply removed.
- Radio wave therapy. This is the most painless method, as no surgery is involved.
Diet for varicose veins
In case of problems with blood vessels, exclude very salty foods from the diet.
Many people are surprised when they feel that diet is necessary for treatment. But this is not surprising. Diet with varicose veins allows you to lose weight (increase the load on the legs) and accelerate blood flow. Therefore, it is necessary to switch to a correct and balanced diet, which prolongs remission. Forbidden:
- eat fatty and fried foods;
- drinks alcohol;
- eats too salty or spicy foods;
- to abuse various smoked meats;
Instead of all this junk food, it is better to eat more fruits and vegetables, they are rich in fiber, which is so necessary for the body. If there is no fresh fruit, it is best to remember dried fruit. Many types of nuts are extremely useful. Moreover. you have to adhere to the drinking regime. It is better to give up animal fats, give preference to olive oil, eat more fish.
Varicose veins on the legs of women require preventive measures. But prevention is also necessary for those who have not encountered this problem. This will prevent varicose veins in young people. The prevention of varicose veins includes two main measures: diet and gymnastics. The basic principle of the diet is to eliminate all trans fats from the diet and replace them with fiber. Gymnastics, in turn, includes a series of simple exercises. An additional tool can be anti-varicose clothing. It is made of knitted fabric and promotes blood flow.