Treatment of varicose veins in the legs can be carried out in various ways, so in some cases it is possible to cope with the disease at home. It all depends on the degree of development of the disease. Varicose veins are not only an external manifestation of the disease, but also a pain syndrome that the patient has to endure.
What is the disease associated with
What causes varicose veins? The disease makes itself felt when there is increased venous pressure. Varicose veins are not only found on the legs. The disease can affect the stomach, esophagus, veins of the small pelvis, etc. However, varicose veins of the lower extremities in patients are more often observed.
The most common causes of varicose veins:
- hereditary factor;
- increased venous pressure;
If a person in the family has had the disease in his or her close relatives, then he is at risk. Varicose veins in the fair sex are capable of provoking pregnancy, as well as the use of hormonal drugs. The causes of varicose veins on the legs are associated with a sedentary lifestyle, a low level of physical activity, static stress when the body is upright. Varicose veins of the lower extremities can occur in the presence of excess body weight, obesity.
These factors cause varicose veins, increased venous pressure, which is associated with the disruption of the normal functioning of the venous valves. Due to pathological changes, varicose veins form abnormal blood flows. They are called refluxes in medicine. The patient has a pathological reverse flow of venous blood, the direction of flow from deep to superficial veins. Such consequences of varicose veins on the legs are dangerous, as they provoke the progression of the disease. There is an increase in pressure on the entire venous system.
When the blood flow is correct, it flows through the veins of the lower limbs from bottom to top. This can be achieved through various mechanisms. This may be a contraction of the muscle tissue of the leg when performing movements, the presence of valves in the veins that prevent reverse blood flow, blood pressure from the arteries.
When the valves stop doing their job, negative changes associated with venous blood flow occur. Due to this, excessive stretching of the veins is observed. The bloodstream has a chaotic order; blood stagnates in the veins of the legs. This is especially true of the saphenous veins. In them, the pressure becomes very high, because of this, the vascular walls thin, expand.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities are diagnosed more often in those people who have been standing for a long time.
Varicose veins in women's legs are sometimes caused by negative hormonal changes in the body. In pregnant women, during gestation, a gradual increase in uterine pressure on the veins of the abdominal cavity occurs. For this reason there is a difficulty in the outflow of blood.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs are often present in the elderly. When a person lifts heavy objects, coughs, is tormented by chronic constipation, varicose veins in the legs, caused by disturbances in the functioning of the venous valves, occur due to an increase in intra-abdominal pressure.
The main symptoms of varicose veins of the lower limbs:
- the veins thicken;
- acquires a dark blue, purple hue, squirms;
- uneven brownish pigmentation appears on the skin of the ankles, legs;
- the person feels intense pain in the legs, especially when the foot is too raised;
- seizures occasionally occur;
- ulcerative defects are visible on the skin of the legs, they can also occur in the area of the joints.
Why are varicose veins on the legs dangerous? This disease can be associated with various complications: ulcers on the skin, eczema, venous bleeding of high severity, which appear with lesions of the lower extremities. If patients do not treat the disease or do it incorrectly, they develop thrombophlebitis. This is an inflammation of a separate section of the vein with the formation of a blood clot. The consequences of varicose veins on the legs are very serious.
Therefore, as soon as you notice the first signs of varicose veins, immediately contact a medical institution. You should go on an appointment with a phlebologist (a specialist who fights venous diseases). Treatment of lower limb varicose veins is most successful if it is started at an early stage of development. The disease is easier to treat and the risk of complications is reduced. The trip to the phlebologist cannot be delayed.
Initially, in the diagnosis process, the doctor performs an initial examination. It also assigns a certain type of instrumental research. In most cases, Doppler ultrasound is needed to make an accurate diagnosis. To choose the right methods of treating varicose veins, special substances are sometimes injected into the bloodstream, after which a study of their distribution through the vessels is carried out.
Stages of disease development
The international scientific community has determined the systematization of VBNK. According to her, it is possible to distinguish the stages of varicose veins, of which there are 6. When a person does not pay attention to his legs, does not care for them, does not heal leg veins, does not take preventive measures, exposes themto external adverse effects, there is a high probability that in a short period of time the patient will go through all the stages and end up on the operating table.
The classification identifies the zero stage. Patients are diagnosed with symptoms that are inherent in varicose veins of the lower extremities. Among them are:
- pain, heaviness in the legs;
- cramps that appear during sleep.
According to external signs and research results, the disease cannot be detected.
At the 1st stage of varicose veins on the lower limbs, you can observe the stars of the vessels or vascular network. The manifestation of the already indicated signs of the disease is possible.
The signs of varicose veins become more pronounced in the next stage. A person can independently see that the veins are enlarged, there are nodules with a bluish tinge. They are able to increase their size if the female representative wears high-heeled shoes during the day or sits for a long time at the computer in the office. It is at this stage that the risk of blood clots already exists.
In the next stage, the symptoms described above are reinforced by the appearance of regular edema. It is very clearly visible at the end of the working day. In the morning, the swelling may disappear and in the evening, after prolonged stress, it may recur.
The 4th stage, foreseen by the classification, is associated with trophic transformations of the lower limbs. They are caused by inadequate nutrition. As there is an excessive accumulation of pigment, the skin becomes abnormal in color. The color can vary from dark brown to black.
There is a high probability of developing an inflammatory process. These can be both minor redness and extensive weeping lesions. After a while, skin atrophy is observed. This phenomenon is due to the fact that slightly sunken white areas may appear on the skin. All these deviations lead to the formation of a trophic ulcer.
The 5th stage is associated with the presence of all the symptoms already mentioned and a healed trophic ulcer. The symptoms of varicose veins of the lower limbs in the 6th stage consist in the presence of an active non-healing trophic ulcer.
Effective measures to eliminate varicose veins in the legs
If varicose veins in the legs are diagnosed in a timely manner, basic treatment is performed. During the therapeutic course, special phlebotropic drugs are used, which provide toning and strengthening of the venous walls. Drugs are used for internal administration in the form of tablets, and for external use, in the form of gels, ointments. If varicose veins are neglected, only these methods cannot be eliminated.
How to remove varicose veins on the legs in the most severe stages? There are various procedures, methods and methods that allow you to effectively and painlessly treat varicose veins on the legs. For example, the veins can be sealed, glued or removed completely. You can also glue small vases together. This is also a fairly effective treatment for varicose veins of the lower extremities.
If varicose veins develop on the legs, treatment in this way can eliminate the asterisks. To do this, a special substance is injected into the vessels, which helps to glue the walls of the veins. After a while, a chord is formed, the glued vein dissolves. The procedure described for varicose veins on the legs is performed without anesthesia, it takes 5 to 15 minutes to complete.
How to cure varicose veins? Laser coagulation comes to the rescue. Promotes sealing of large vessels. Manipulation is performed under local anesthesia. After the procedure, the damaged vessel is absorbed.
After the treatment of varicose veins in the legs by any of the listed methods, you should take care of the body carefully. You can't lift weights, wear high-heeled shoes. To maximize the benefits of treating varicose veins on the legs, you need to wear special compression stockings. Appointed by a doctor, he can belong to the 1st or 2nd class.
How to treat varicose veins? In severe cases, a surgical operation is performed. During this, the dilated veins are removed. With varicose veins of the lower extremities of stage 6, the attending physician prescribes treatment for complications.
Complex treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities consists of special therapeutic exercises. Such physical education allows you to relieve stress, has a beneficial effect on blood vessels.
The symptoms of varicose veins in the legs do not go away on their own if measures are not taken. First, it is necessary to diagnose and identify the true cause of such formations.
If varicose veins of the lower extremities are diagnosed, the symptoms of the disease can be made less pronounced, to reduce discomfort and pain on their own.
How to treat varicose veins on the legs? It is important to periodically be in motion, change the position of the body. If the patient does not train, the blood stagnates in the vessels and the blood pressure rises. Because of this, water collects in the area of the feet, legs, ankles, so the pain becomes pronounced.
Knee-highs and tights will allow you to fight varicose veins on the legs. They do not allow fluid to remain in the tissues. The patient should not sleep in a sitting position.
Varicose veins of the legs are sometimes treated with folk remedies. In the process, various ointments and gels are used. It should be noted that such drugs are not able to completely get rid of the ailment, however, they help relieve inflammation, improve trophism. They are prescribed for thrombophlebitis, trophic ulcers, while it is necessary to strictly observe the duration of the course of therapy.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs are suppressed in the early stages through the use of medicinal herbs. However, you should be very careful not to damage. The patient is allergic to many herbs, there is an individual intolerance.
Everyone should take care of their health, alternate load and rest, lead an active lifestyle and eat well. If the ailment made itself felt, it must be eliminated from the very beginning, in order not to face unpleasant consequences. You should never self-medicate, because you need to professionally identify the causes of the disease and correctly diagnose. Only after that, you can begin medical procedures.