Detailed description for our readers: How to cure leg veins from varicose veins? on the varicose veins-cure site. rf in detail and with photos.
In the article we talk about veins in the legs and we talk about the treatment of varicose veins at home. You will find out what folk remedies can be used for varicose veins, whether massage is effective, and in which cases you can not do without surgery. Using our tips, you can make compresses and tinctures to relieve swelling and pain with varicose veins on the legs. You will also find a list of ointments that are effective against varicose veins.
Varicose veins on the legs, veins on the legs
Varicose veins or varicose veins of the lower extremities are a disease in which the walls of the superficial vessels thin, their lumen increases and nodular enlargements are formed. Externally, the disease can be detected if the leg veins protrude. Varicose veins occur in both women and men, but women are more susceptible to the pathology.
Varicose veins are an enlargement (swelling) of the veins that occurs on the surface of the leg muscles. Veins swell and twist and stand out heavily under the skin Why do varicose veins form? In the lower limbs there are saphenous and deep veins, they are connected by communicating veins. Through them, blood flows upward from the saphenous veins to the deep ones. The muscle pump is responsible for its movement.
During physical movement, the muscles contract and push the blood upwards. Venous valves prevent blood from flowing downward. This is the correct blood circulation, and it is possible only with normal venous tone.
If the tone of the venous wall is reduced and the valves do not perform their function, the blood moves not only upwards but also downwards. This increases the pressure on the vessels, causes their swelling and expansion, and promotes the formation of knots.
The nerve endings located on the blood vessel walls send a signal to the brain. The brain gives the command to increase the venous tone. An increase in resistance further increases the load on the veins, leading to atrophy of the venous wall and the death of nerve endings.
Risk factors contributing to the development of varicose veins:
- sedentary lifestyle;
- lack of physical activity;
- unhealthy diet;
- hormonal imbalance;
- genetic predisposition.
Symptoms of varicose veins on the legs:
- heaviness in the legs;
- increased fatigue;
- local pain in the lower leg;
- swelling of the legs;
- night cramps - in severe cases.
In the initial stages, varicose veins manifest externally with the formation of varicose veins on the surface of the skin. In the course of the development of the disease, the expansion of the veins increases, the hemodynamics is increasingly disturbed. In the later stages, the superficial veins merge with the skin. Blockage of the veins occurs, trophic ulcers are formed.
A vein in the leg hurts: what to do
If a protruding vein appears on the leg and it hurts, this indicates the development of varicose veins. The earlier you start treatment, the greater the success and the greater your chances of stopping the progression of the disease.
Which doctor should I go to for varicose veins? Diagnosis and treatment of varicose veins are carried out by a phlebologist. Even in the initial stages, it is necessary to seek the advice of a specialist. She will identify the main factors that influenced the development of the disease, prescribe suitable methods of therapy and prevention.
Treatment of varicose veins in the legs
Treatment of varicose veins in the legs is performed at home, unless the patient requires surgery or laser intervention. Doctors prescribe pills, ointments and gels that improve venous circulation, break down blood clots, increase blood flow, relieve swelling and fatigue in the legs. As an additional therapy, you can use folk remedies.
Treatment of varicose veins on the legs with folk remedies
In this section we will tell you how and how to treat varicose veins on the legs at home. If you are interested in how to treat varicose veins on the legs in women or how to treat varicose veins on the legs in men, you will find effective folk remedies in the table.
Traditional medicine recipes for the treatment of varicose veins:
|Name||How it works||Instructions for use|
|Nettle||Thins the blood and improves blood circulation, helps strengthen the vascular walls, prevents the formation of cholesterol plaques.||Take 5 tbsp. dry the nettle and pour 250 ml of vodka. Insist the medicine for 7 days in a dark place. Use 1 tbsp tincture. 3 times a day before meals.|
|Soda||Thins blood, eliminates swelling and heaviness in the legs, accelerates lymphatic drainage, relieves pain.||
Take 1-2 tbsp. baking soda and moisten slightly with water. Apply the mixture on the affected area and cover with a cabbage leaf. Secure the compress with gauze and leave it overnight.
You can take a foot bath with baking soda. To do this, dilute 200 g of soda in 5 liters of hot water. The duration of the procedure is 10-15 minutes.
|Apple cider vinegar||Increases the tone of the venous walls, improves blood circulation, eliminates swelling and reduces pain.||
Rub apple cider vinegar on affected areas in the morning and evening after showering.
You can use apple cider vinegar as a compress. Moisten the gauze with liquid and secure it on the leg. Lie down for 1 hour with your feet on a pillow 6 to 8 inches above your heart.
|Cabbage||Relieves swelling and redness, relieves pain.||Take a cabbage leaf and press it with a rolling pin to release the juice. Lubricate one side of the sheet with vegetable oil and apply to the sore spot. Secure the compress with a bandage. Leave it on all day or overnight.|
|Celandine||Relieves swelling, fatigue and pain in the legs.||Prepare 1 tbsp. celandine in a glass of boiling water. Dip a linen cloth in the broth. Wrap your legs and let them rest for 1 hour. Perform the procedure for 7 days. So, take a 10 day break.|
|Laundry soap||Relieves inflammation and accelerates regeneration processes. Promotes healing of cracks and wounds, which worsen the condition with varicose veins.||Grate a laundry bar of soap. Crush 10 aspirin tablets and fill them with 250ml of vodka. Add the soap. Insist 2 days. Use the product as a lotion.|
|Honey||Improves blood circulation, tones the walls of blood vessels and increases their elasticity. Strengthens general and local immunity.||
Take 1 tablespoon on an empty stomach. honey every day.
Foot baths are made with honey. To do this, dissolve 10 g of honey in 5 liters of warm water. The duration of the procedure is 20 minutes.
|Absinthe||Relieves inflammation, thins blood and improves blood circulation, reduces pain.||Pour in 2 tbsp. dry wormwood with a glass of kefir. Saturate the natural fabric in the blend. Apply a compress to the affected area, fix it. Leave on for 20-30 minutes.|
|Raw potatoes||Strengthens the venous walls and improves blood circulation.||Finely grate the raw potatoes. Apply gruel to the feet and secure it with a bandage. Leave it on for 5 hours.|
|Kalanchoe||Relieves inflammation, accelerates regeneration processes, eliminates swelling.||Wash and grind some Kalanchoe leaves. Pour in 500 ml of vodka. Insist for 7 days. Rub the painful areas of the legs with the finished dye.|
Ointment for varicose veins on the legs
Ointments for varicose veins are used when one or more veins are visible. Topical drugs do not cure the disease, but only reduce the severity of the manifestations. If your vein is swollen and comes out, see a phlebologist. The doctor will recommend the use of ointments and gels in the initial stages, but the basis for stopping the disease will be the prevention and elimination of risk factors.
List of ointments for varicose veins on the legs:
- Heparin Ointmentis an economical ointment based on sodium heparin. Anticoagulant, it not only thins the blood but also reduces pain.
- Troxevasin- increases the tone of the vascular walls, has an anti-inflammatory, anti-edema and thinning effect. Prevents the formation of blood clots.
- A preparation containing leech extract.The ointment improves blood circulation, eliminates swelling and pain, increases the tone of the blood vessel walls.
Tablets for varicose veins on the legs
In addition to ointments, compresses are also used in the early stages of varicose veins. For the treatment of varicose veins, phlebotonics, anticoagulants, antioxidants, antiplatelet agents are used.
Tablets for varicose veins:
- Diosmin- prevents stretching of blood vessels, increases the elasticity of the venous walls, reduces blood stasis, helps normalize blood circulation.
- Dipyridamole- improves blood microcirculation, prevents the formation of blood clots.
Never choose a drug alone. Tablets for the treatment of varicose veins on the legs have a large number of contraindications for use, they can only be prescribed by the attending physician.
How to relieve varicose pain? For pain in the legs, you can use medicines with analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects: diclofenac, indomethacin, nimesulide, ibuprofen, paracetamol. To eliminate fatigue, lie down for a few minutes with your legs raised above heart level and a pillow under them.
When treating varicose veins, it is important to wear special compression garments. Socks, knee-highs, stockings and tights with varying degrees of compression create the necessary pressure on the veins, this helps the muscle pump to push blood upwards and improves blood circulation in the legs.
ALSO THE COMPRESSIVE LINEN REDUCES THE LOAD ON THE SCREWS, AT THE END OF THE DAY THE LEGS ARE LESS TIRED, WITHOUT AN EMERGENCY.
You should not choose compression underwear yourself, without first consulting a phlebologist. If you find symptoms of varicose veins, contact a specialist, the doctor will examine the condition of the veins and, taking into account individual characteristics, choose the compression class and type of products.
- Class 1 - compression not exceeding 23 mm Hg. Art. Prescribed in the early stages of varicose veins.
- Grade 2 - compression of approximately 33 mm Hg. Art. Used for the treatment of moderate varicose veins and thrombophlebitis.
- Grade 3 - compression of approximately 45 mm Hg. Art. Used in the treatment of severe venous insufficiency.
- Grade 4 - compression greater than 50 mm HgArte. Prescribed for severe stages of the disease.
Massage for varicose veins
Massage is another method of treating varicose veins in the early stages. However, without following the correct technique, the procedure can cause even more damage. The massage must be performed by a qualified specialist.
It is possible to massage the legs with varicose veins
Foot massage for varicose veins can only be done in the initial stage of the disease. It is forbidden to carry out the procedure for trophic ulcers, thrombophlebitis and skin diseases. General contraindications include fever, infectious diseases and inflammation. Do not perform anti-cellulite massages with varicose veins, especially with vacuum cans.
Lymphatic drainage massage is performed for the treatment of varicose veins. It improves blood circulation and lymphatic drainage, eliminates swelling, fatigue and pain.
FOR THE LYMPH DRAINING MASSAGE, FIRST, SLOWLY RINSE THE SKIN. GO FURTHER FROM CAVIAR TO SHANK WITH SLOW MOVEMENTS, GRADUALLY INCREASING THE PRESSURE FORCE
You can also use the whirlpool with alternating water temperatures. Exposure to cold and hot water increases the tone of the vascular walls and improves blood circulation.
Laser venous treatment
The procedure for treating varicose veins with a laser is called laser coagulation. This is a modern method by which downward movement of the blood is prevented. The laser allows you to increase the tone of the vascular walls and normalize blood circulation.
The principle of the technique is based on the thermal effect of a laser on the inner surface of a vein and on the blood. Vapor bubbles form in the blood. The vapor comes into contact with the venous wall, damages it and "carbonizes" it. The resulting thrombus is replaced by connective tissue and the passage is sealed.
Contraindications to laser coagulation:
- significant expansion of the venous trunk;
- foci of inflammation in the intervention area;
- chronic ischemia of the lower limbs;
- diseases that require priority treatment.
Surgery to remove varicose veins on the legs
The disease can be cured with the help of conservative and minimally invasive therapy, but can only be completely eliminated by surgery.
The main surgical operation to eliminate varicose veins is phlebectomy. In the process of implementation, damaged veins are removed, this allows you to normalize blood circulation in deep veins.
Directions for running:
- extensive varicose veins;
- dilated saphenous veins;
- violation of the outflow of blood;
- trophic ulcers;
- advanced stage of varicose veins;
- ischemia of the heart;
- severe infectious diseases;
- second half of pregnancy;
- old age.
Rehabilitation after removal of a leg vein
Duration of operation - 1-2 hours. The first time after its implementation, the patient is under the supervision of doctors. After a few hours he is allowed to move his legs. The stitches are removed after 10 days.
In the postoperative period, the patient is prescribed to wear compression stockings and perform special exercises. During the rehabilitation period, it is important to get used to normal physical activity, which will ensure blood circulation, but will not cause severe stress on the veins.
Prevention of varicose veins in the legs
Prevention plays an important role in the treatment of varicose veins. It is especially important to follow certain rules if there is a genetic predisposition and other risk factors, as well as after laser treatment and phlebectomy to prevent the recurrence of the disease.
For the prevention of varicose veins, you can use folk remedies and topical drugs that increase the tone of the venous wall, improve blood circulation and relieve swelling and fatigue in the legs at the end of the working day. We have described all these tools in the article.
Lifestyle, gymnastics and diet
To prevent the development of varicose veins, you need to lead a healthy lifestyle. Give up bad habits, which include not only alcohol and smoking, but also overeating. Obesity is one of the risk factors for varicose veins.
Balance your diet, eliminate fatty, fried, salty and excessively spicy foods. Include more fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet.
If you want to prevent the development of varicose veins, do not forget about gymnastics and light exercise. To disperse the blood in the lower limbs, gymnastics must use the legs. An excellent exercise for the prevention of varicose veins is cycling.
Wear comfortable shoes. If you have a predisposition to the disease, contact a phlebologist. Your doctor will help you choose compression garments.
Prevention of varicose veins during pregnancy
Pregnant women are at increased risk of developing varicose veins. To prevent the development of the disease during the period of pregnancy, follow the simple rules of prevention:
- Wear compression stockings or stockings.
- Exercise to improve circulation in the legs.
- Do not stand or sit in the same position for a long time.
- Wear comfortable shoes and clothes.
- Sleep on the left side, this position will allow you not to pinch the vein on the right side, which is responsible for the outflow of blood from the lower limbs.
- Don't cross your legs.
- Eat well.
- Take a walk in the fresh air.
What happens if varicose veins are not treated
Varicose veins are a serious disease that, if left untreated, causes dangerous complications, including:
- separation of a thrombus and blockage of the lumen of the vein; pulmonary embolism;
- trophic ulcers;
- swelling of various parts of the body;
- thickening of the subcutaneous fat at the injury site.
Things to Remember
- Varicose veins are varicose veins that result from a decrease in the tone of the vascular wall.
- In the initial stages of varicose veins, you can use ointments, compresses and folk remedies. The disease can only be completely cured by surgery.
- If you experience symptoms of varicose veins, consult a phlebologist. He will find the right treatment.
Varicose veins are a chronic disease in which the venous vessels lengthen or lengthen. Varicose veins occur not only in the leg veins (but this is its most common form), but can also develop in the blood vessels of other internal organs. With all forms of varicose veins, the methods of its treatment at home are very similar.
Diagnosis of the disease is carried out by a phlebologist or vascular surgeon, who also determines how to treat the disease in a particular case. Treatment of the pathology is based on two methods: conservative therapy of varicose veins, which is carried out at home, and surgery.
Varicose veinsDepending on the degree of development of the venous pathology, the treatment of varicose veins at home can be:
- The main treatment is only in the early stages of the disease. Seeking medical help at the stage of a small swelling of the feet or when a vascular pattern appears on the legs can cure the disease at home.
- Auxiliary treatment - in the advanced stages of the disease, when the developed pathology requires specialized therapy, and exercises performed at home aimed at improving blood outflow are a necessary addition to the main treatment.
- Preventive measure after surgery, preventing further development of the pathology.
The heart of varicose veins is the weakness of the connective tissue of the wall of the venous vessels, therefore, conservative treatment of the disease is mainly aimed at strengthening this wall. This approach to treatment is fundamental and allows you to treat varicose veins of any location: both on the legs and on the veins of internal organs.
In addition, the treatment of varicose veins on the legs at home requires a whole series of additional measures:
|Taking medication||Strengthening the vascular wall|
|Taking vitamin supplements|
|Change of diet|
|Use of external medicinal products|
|Venous gymnastics||Improved venous blood flow|
|Wear compression garments|
|Exercise for blood flow|
|Sleep with your legs raised|
|Workflow Optimization||Reduction of the load on the venous vessels of the legs|
|Special physical exercises||Strengthen the calf muscles|
Activities aimed at strengthening the vascular wall
These methods - aimed at improving the permeability of the vascular wall of the veins, increasing its tone and elasticity - are the main directions of treatment of varicose veins, including leg veins.
- Treatment with drugs including diosmin, troxerutin, aescin. It is necessary to treat varicose veins with these drugs only as prescribed by a doctor who will select the remedy and determine the frequency and duration of hospitalization.
- Treatment using traditional medicine recipes.
- Taking vitamin preparations: Vitamins have been shown to have the greatest effect on the permeability of the vascular wall: rutin (vitamin P) and ascorbic acid. Therefore, a combination of these two vitamins is widely used for the prevention and treatment of the disease.
- Application of ointments and gels.
How to treat varicose veins at home using folk remedies:
|Alcoholic tincture of horse chestnut flowers||Take 50 g of flowers, fill them with 500 ml of ethyl alcohol at a concentration of 50%. Leave the mixture to infuse for two weeks, shaking every day, then strain. Take 30-40 drops 3 times a day before meals for 30 days.|
|Infusion of nettle leaves||Take 2 tablespoons of dry nettle grass, pour 200 ml of boiling water, leave for 1 hour. Filter the infusion, take 60 ml 3 times a day. The course of treatment is 30 days, a break - 15 days, repeat twice.|
|Infusion of hop cones||Pour 200 ml of hot water on two tablespoons of dried cones, simmer for 10 minutes, strain. Take 200 ml of the infusion 2-3 times a day. Remember that it causes sleepiness.|
|Apple cider vinegar solution||Add 10ml of apple cider vinegar to 200ml of water, take this drink in the morning and evening. Prescription is contraindicated for people with gastrointestinal ulcers.|
Get rid of varicose veins by running
Running with varicose veins is possible in the first and second stages. At the same time, it is recommended to avoid significant loads on the legs, preferring to jog and walk. In the presence of thrombosis, as well as in the later stages of the disease, jogging is not recommended.
It is possible to get rid of varicose veins by running only at the very beginning of the disease, when the veins are not yet stretched. At this stage, the clinical symptoms of the disease are absent. Therefore, the patient simply does not know about the need to start classes. By the time the diagnosis of "varicose veins" is made, jogging is no longer able to completely cure the disease.
When to see a phlebologist?
A doctor's visit for varicose veins should be done as soon as possible. The more advanced the disease is at this time, the less likely it is that the patient will be completely cured. Ideally, if a person visits the clinic when the first signs are detected: heaviness in the legs, flying pains when standing for a long time, swelling.
Nutrition, diet for varicose veins
With varicose veins, diet plays a significant role in stabilizing the patient's condition and restoring vascular tone.
Recommended to eat:
- seafood (mussels, shrimps, squid);
- fruits rich in vitamin C (kiwi, black currant, citrus);
- blood thinning foods (garlic, lemon, onion, cherry).
Dietary restrictions are compatible with a moderate diet. It is forbidden to take alcoholic, excessively salty, spicy, sour drinks and other foods that have irritating properties. Also, don't consume large amounts of coffee, tea, and other beverages that have diuretic properties.
VVV prophylaxis is based on the rejection of a sedentary lifestyle and static loads on the legs. It is recommended that you take a short run or walk several kilometers each day. During the working day, you should take short breaks dedicated to leg gymnastics. Also, you should eat the foods described in the previous section and wear compression tights if necessary. Moderate compression improves blood flow in the superficial veins.
Despite the apparent safety, varicose veins are a disease that, under certain conditions, poses a threat to human life. This is especially true for the later stages of the development of the pathology, in which the vascular wall becomes thinner and its integrity is very easily disturbed. Therefore, folk recipe therapy should be started as soon as possible. To avoid mistakes and the use of incorrect treatment methods, you should consult a doctor before starting it.