Many people face varicose veins in their life. Unfortunately, this is a fairly common phenomenon and affects not only the legs, as is usually believed, but other organs as well. Fortunately it is treatable. True, it is long and complex and should be started only after fully understanding the reasons for its occurrence.
WHAT CAUSES VARICOSIS, WHO SHOULD WORRY?
The main symptoms of the onset of the disease:
- the appearance of spider veins, or even a mesh;
- the veins are now visible;
- the skin on the legs is uncomfortably dry;
- leg muscle cramps;
- leg swelling and heaviness by the end of the day;
- thickening or darkening;
- the veins are tender.
What are varicose veins? This question haunts many middle-aged people and beyond. This term refers to the swelling of the veins in the lower limbs. The veins swell, form knots, become very sinuous and create a lumpy blue surface.
This is because the blood flow in the veins is not good enough. The blood stops moving as it should, as a result of which the pressure inside the vein increases. When it exceeds all normal values, the excess blood begins to have a stretching effect on the walls of the veins. The edges of the vessels approach the upper layer of the epidermis and become visible to the naked eye. The first sign of varicose veins is the manifestation of vascular networks. The vessels on the legs, visible through the surface of the skin, are diseased.
Varicose veins - what they have known since ancient times. The doctors of Byzantium also mentioned this disease in their writings. The Egyptians dealt with it with elastic bandages and Hippocrates, Avicenna and Paracelsus tried to invent more effective ways to treat it.
It is very frightening that this pathology has a high prevalence: about 25% of the world population is susceptible to this disease. Phlebologists say that the main cause of varicose veins is a poor level of connective tissue development on the legs. Most often, women suffer from this disease, as constant hormonal changes create good conditions for the development of the disease.
PREVENTION OF VARICOSIS
Good and strong veins require constant self-care. In the initial stage, varicose veins destroy the beauty of the legs, pose a small threat to health, but as they progress, they create complications and are life threatening. Varicose veins of other organs are often companions of various diseases, and in order to achieve a real effect, they need to be treated together with them. Risk groups that first of all need to remember about the prevention of varicose veins:
- All those who lead a sedentary lifestyle.
- It is worth a lot during the day, for example at work.
- Who is overweight or obese.
- Wear high heels or shoes that are too tight.
- Have a disease (or recent surgery) in the pelvic area.
- Wear tight clothing that prevents blood flow.
- Often sits cross-legged.
- Athletes who train with regular overloads.
- You are taking hormones.
Many people do not even suspect that they are carriers of a serious illness. The advanced stage of this disease is treated rather harshly, unlike the initial one. Therefore, everyone, and especially those who have a bad inheritance, need to know what varicose veins are, its symptoms and remember: a timely appeal to a phlebologist is simply necessary, just like a preventive examination by a dentist. You have to take care of your health by yourself, don't let things go by themselves.
Varicose veins, what are they?
To understand what varicose veins are, let's take a look at the underlying causes of this disease. As you know, our body is permeated with a frequent network of blood vessels, some of which carry blood to the heart - veins, others, on the contrary, carry it in the opposite direction - these are arteries. As long as the system is running smoothly and the blood vessels are clean, elastic and not exposed to undue stress, everything is fine. If regular failures begin, sooner or later they can lead to diseases, one of which is varicose veins.
It can occur anywhere on the body, but is most commonly found in the extremities. Partly because, by lifting the blood on the legs, the veins bear high loads, partly because our limbs are one of the most "busy" parts of our body: we have to lift weights, walk a lot, stand or sit, which isalso bad, so as it interferes with normal blood flow.
VARICOSIS OF THE SCREWS OF THE LIMBS: COMPLICATIONS
The most common form of this disease, which is mainly implied when it comes to varicose veins, is the varicose veins of the legs. His initial symptoms were listed above, but what can neglect of treatment lead to? Here are the main complications of this disease:
- trophic ulcers;
- bleeding varicose veins.
What is thrombophlebitis?This is an inflammation of the walls of the external veins and the appearance of blood clots on them, which not only narrow the space for blood flow, but as a result can completely block the vessel. Almost from the beginning it accompanies varicose veins of the extremities. And a person who does not have to deal with his veins, in the end, with a bouquet of complications, receives acute thrombophlebitis, when a thrombus not only interferes with blood circulation, but is also the focus of inflammation, affecting not only the walls of the vessel, but also nearby tissues.
Phlebothrombosis- the so-called deep vein thrombophlebitis, a disease no less serious and difficult to treat, when thrombosis interferes with blood flow and surrounding vessels and tissues become inflamed. What is thrombosis? This is the appearance in the vessels of blood clots that interfere with blood flow or even completely block the lumen of blood vessels. Even a partial decrease in the supply of fresh blood slows down the metabolism of tissues and leads to the accumulation of its products, and a complete blockade can eventually lead to cell death, that is, to tissue necrosis.
The special danger of these diseases is that they can eventually lead to thromboembolism: a thrombus, breaking off, will migrate with the bloodstream throughout the body, blocking one of the large arteries, which in turn can be fatal.
Another serious problem, last-degree varicose veins, are trophic ulcers, open wounds that have not healed for a long time. How long? If within a month and a half the wound does not even think of healing, this is a trophic ulcer. He is being treated, but this is a long and complex treatment, when you have to combine surgical and therapeutic methods.
A complication such as bleeding from varicose veins is no less dangerous. It can be caused either simply by thinning of the blood vessels at thickening points, or by mechanical stress. Because it costs nothing to damage a vessel that has become thinner and has lost its elasticity. Do not think that this applies only to the external veins, which are deeply "delicate" and susceptible to any stress, impact, displacement.
The consequences of not treating varicose veins in the photo:
The varicose veins in the video make an even more depressing impression. To avoid this, it is necessary to consult a doctor as soon as possible and strictly follow all his instructions, both in treatment and in lifestyle.
TYPES OF VARICOSE
As mentioned above, there are other types of varicose veins. There are many, these diseases arise for various reasons, and if some are widespread enough, others are very rare, usually associated with other diseases.
- Reticular varicose veins - a network of blue stars on the thighs and calves. It is also found in young and thin people and is often considered only a cosmetic defect, although this is the first bell: you must see a phlebologist.
- The asterisks and vascular network on the face are a reason to see an endocrinologist, as this often shows that a person has problems with the endocrine system. Although the reason may be in the way of life: alcohol abuse, fatty and junk foods, sunburn, the habit of crushing acne.
- Varicose veins of the hands - very often this problem occurs in athletes and in those whose work requires a serious and constant load on the hands.
- Varicocele is a varicose vein around the testicles. A very common pathology, and therefore men, especially adolescents, need to see a doctor at the first symptoms, because lack of treatment often leads to infertility.
- Hemorrhoids - varicose veins of the rectum. Not only can a sedentary lifestyle lead to this, but weight lifting, pregnancy, constipation and many other reasons as well.
- Varicose veins of the legs - has several stages and, if left untreated in the initial stage, can lead to severe vascular disease and disability.
- Varicose veins of internal organs - usually occurs as a complication of other diseases or in the postoperative period. It can be varicose veins of the pelvic organs, stomach, esophagus, etc.
This is a short list of the main types of this serious disease. You can learn how to treat varicose veins of all kinds from the detailed articles posted on our website. We try to regularly talk about traditional and more modern methods of its treatment.
CHRONIC VENOUS INSUFFICIENCY
The source of this problem is standing upright walking, which means that we are the only species on Earth that is affected. We will not consider the pseudo-scientific hypotheses that explain why this happened, although some of them are quite amusing. One, for example, assumes that humanity came to earth from Mars, where the force of gravity is much lower, and therefore our body is not adapted to earthly loads, the other, that people were created by aliensand somewhere underdeveloped. Be that as it may, bipedal locomotion requires blood vessels to reach a considerable height, which means it puts them under severe stress.
Usually, this system works harmoniously, the blood quickly and evenly supplies all parts of the body with oxygen and essential substances. But if there is some kind of failure (trauma, for example) or the body is constantly affected by some unfavorable factors (hard work, high weight, hormonal deficiency, etc. ) CVI develops - chronic venous insufficiency. In recent decades, this disease has become noticeably younger and now it occurs not only in the older generation, but also in adolescents, and therefore everyone needs to know its symptoms:
- telangiectasia - expansion of small superficial vessels;
- swelling of the legs, worse in the evening;
- cramps, goosebumps and other painful sensations in the calf muscles;
- cold feet;
- skin pigmentation of the legs;
- general discomfort and fatigue during the day.
As you can see, they largely coincide with the symptoms of varicose veins listed at the beginning of the article, because this is the beginning of the same disease - varicose veins. Therefore, if you have at least some of these signs, you should immediately contact a phlebologist who will prescribe treatment, helping you decide on your diet and lifestyle. Varicose veins are not a disease that can be treated with pills, on the contrary it is a lifestyle that must be followed constantly in order not to face more serious phases of its development.
Modern science offers many treatment methods that to some extent compensate for CVI, removing both its external manifestations and generally positively affecting the state of blood vessels. For example, read about spider veins on the legs, their causes and treatment. Medicine now offers a number of measures to combat this "cosmetic" defect, including this one:
- conservative therapy - ointments and compresses to strengthen the walls of blood vessels and stimulate blood flow;
- compression therapy - special medical underwear;
- invasive therapy - microthermocoagulation, microsclerotherapy.
Among the effective methods to help get rid of telangiectasia and its causes there are also therapeutic exercises and lymphatic drainage massage.
It is much more difficult to treat varicose veins with complications, but even here an integrated approach does its job. What is meant? Here's what modern medicine has to offer:
- Therapeutic methods: medicines, special underwear, massage, physiotherapy.
- Surgical methods (phlebectomy, miniflebectomy, short stripping, endoscopic venous dissection, etc. ). This is the most radical method of treating varicose veins, which requires not only preparation for the operation, its professional performance, but also qualified postoperative observation.
Medical treatment of varicose veins involves the use of drugs for both oral administration - such as drops, tablets and capsules, and for application to the skin - these are various ointments that are used to rub sore legs. Some medications narrow and strengthen blood vessels, others relieve inflammation, and others reduce blood clotting, so they can only be used by prescription. External remedies, that is, various creams, ointments and jellies, usually have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic qualities. Often, components are added that affect blood clotting. These drugs act mainly on the superficial vessels, but have fewer contraindications.
Having discovered chronic venous insufficiency, it is necessary, if possible, to exclude the causes of the venous disease. That is, to change jobs that require you to spend the whole day standing or lifting weights, losing weight, giving up spicy foods, etc. It is clear that, for example, a hereditary predisposition cannot be removed, but knowing this, you can choose an appropriate profession and monitor the condition of your veins, even once a year for prevention, visit a phlebologist. Despite all the advances in medicine, our health is still in our hands.