Varicose veins: what it is, symptoms, causes, stages, treatment and prevention

what are varicose veins

Varicose veins are a very common disease among the population over the age of 30, the essence of which is inflammation of the vein walls, their swelling, the appearance of nodules and, in severe cases, ulcers.

Very often, varicose veins in the legs surprise women who suffer, suffering not only from cosmetic imperfections, but also from the discomfort and pain that accompany varicose veins on the legs.

Varicose veins: causes

There are just a few of the main causes of the disease:

  • Inactive sedentary work or work where you have to constantly stand up
  • Obesity
  • Inheritance
  • Age and gender. The greatest chance of developing varicose veins in women between the ages of 30 and 40

Phlebologists who treat varicose veins and Wikipedia claim that in a healthy person, blood flows through the veins from the bottom up. This is achieved thanks to:

  • Rhythmic heart contractions
  • The presence of valves in the veins
  • The leg muscles work

High static loads or reduced physical activity cause an increase in venous pressure in the lower limbs. The vessels cannot withstand such stress, and they begin to stretch and their wall becomes thinner. This leads to the appearance of a gap between the valve and the vessel, the blood flow goes in the opposite direction, which is called reflux.

Pregnancy and varicose veins

pregnancy and varicose veins

Usually in women, varicose veins during pregnancy are very common, sometimes accompanied by varicose veins in the perineum and pelvic region.

This type of pelvic varicose vein is caused by the pressure exerted by the enlarged uterus on the veins.

Varicose veins: symptoms and stages of the disease

The clinic of varicose veins is due to the stages of the disease:

  • Stage 0. The first symptoms are heaviness and fatigue in the legs after a day of work, swelling of the ankles, feet and lower leg in the late afternoon. In this case, all symptoms disappear after a night's rest or after active walking.
  • Stage 1. Stage 0 symptoms are accompanied by varicose veins on the legs, pain along the veins and rare nocturnal calf cramps.
  • Phase 2. In this phase, the veins and nodules that arise after a long sitting or standing position are already felt on the skin. Already at this stage, the likelihood of blood clots is high.
  • Stage 3. To all of the above signs, constant swelling is added in the late afternoon, which may not go away completely in the morning.
  • Step 4. The skin on the legs may become dark in color. Skin atrophy appears.
  • Stage 5. Trophic ulcers appear to be able to heal.
  • Stage 6. Trophic ulcers do not heal.

Varicose veins: complications you should know.

If you postpone treatment for later, you can expect complications soon.

complications with varicose veins

Blood clots due to congestion can lead to thrombophlebitis, edema, pulmonary infarction or even sudden death from thromboembolism. Non-healing trophic ulcers, eczema and dermatitis may appear, and the color of the affected skin area may change. Constant edema leads to the compaction of adipose tissue. A very unpleasant complication is bleeding from varicose veins, which occurs due to thinning of the skin at the site of an enlarged vein or mechanical damage.

At the same time, women can have pelvic varicose veins, which are manifested by pain after sex and walking, dysmenorrhea, severe premenstrual syndrome, discharge, etc.

Varicose veins: diagnosis

This disease is diagnosed by a phlebologist during the examination, determines the presumptive stage of the disease and prescribes functional tests and instrumental research methods:

  • Doppler ultrasound
  • Ultrasound duplex angioscan
  • Phleboscintigraphy by contrasting radionuclides and X-rays
  • Phlebomanometry. It allows you to determine the state of deep veins.
  • Plethysmography
  • Photoplethysmography

Having passed the diagnosis, the phlebologist issues a verdict and prescribes the most rational treatment for a particular case.

Varicose veins: treatment

How to carry out the treatment? Initial varicose veins can be treated in three ways: compression therapy, physiotherapy exercises, and drug treatment. Varicose veins are treated until complete recovery. The treatment of RFA (RFA) has also become popular. You can get acquainted with all these methods of treating varicose veins by studying in more detail and in depth useful materials on this topic. Below we will briefly describe all the methods of treatment.

Varicose veins: conservative treatment

Compression therapy consists of daily bandaging the legs with an elastic bandage or wearing elastic stockings. Varicose veins, treatment without surgery are words that have become a reality for many.

Varicose veins: medical treatment

Also used only in the initial stages of varicose veins. It consists in the appointment of drugs that improve circulation and promote blood thinning, strengthen the walls, improve the tone of the veins and relieve pain.

It is necessary to regularly engage in special exercises and lift the legs up a hill during prolonged sitting. Still, many people are more interested in varicose veins, its laser treatment, its cost and other treatment methods.

Varicose veins - sclerotherapy treatment

sclerotherapy for varicose veins

Sclerotherapy is also a modern non-surgical method, when a patient is injected into an enlarged vein with a special drug that glues and then dissolves the walls of the affected vessel.

Varicose veins - sclerotherapy

These procedures can significantly improve the condition of the legs, but to a greater extent they are aesthetic procedures aimed at improving the aesthetic condition of the lower limbs.

Varicose veins. Treatment is an operation!

Surgery implies a radical solution to the problem.

  • Phlebectomy - surgical removal (by extracting with a special metal probe) of the affected areas of the veins, while the reflux and varicose veins are eliminated.
  • Varicose veins. Laser treatment. The technique also aims to eliminate vertical reflux and cauterize the vessels from the inside to stop the growth of varicose veins. Laser treatment (you can read the reviews on our website) is very effective. Varicose veins, laser treatment, its price interest many patients.
  • Varicose veins. Radiofrequency treatment is the most modern way to get rid of the disease. Varicose veins, RFA treatment are inseparable concepts. The procedure is performed using a special radiofrequency apparatus by burning the venous wall with microwaves. Varicose veins disappear so quickly. RFO treatment has become a lifesaver for many who do not want to perform classic traumatic phlebectomy.

Each of these methods has its own specific indications and contraindications, which the phlebologist and surgeon should consider. Varicose veins, the treatment of RFO has become a problem for many patients. Many people are interested in laser treatment, the price of which is sometimes very different in clinics. In our clinic the laser treatment of varicose veins, when the cost is as important as the quality of life, is fast and painless! And then varicose veins (after the operation, rehabilitation is not at all necessary) for many years will cease to torment you.

Ointment for varicose veins

Many patients turn to the pharmacy for help, which sells varicose vein drugs for external use. Insidious varicose veins, how to treat them better and by what means?

But it is better not to be deceived, waiting for the immediate removal of varicose veins, you need to seek help from qualified specialists who will remove varicose veins. Healing (the price of health cannot be high) will prevail.

How to treat varicose veins with alternative methods

You can "curb" varicose veins (treatment with folk remedies is not yet dead), recipes that are passed down from generation to generation. Varicose veins: treatment with alternative methods. Popular media:

Home recipes with good reviews:

  • Garlic compressed with butter (1: 2);
  • Pack based on wormwood gruel mixed with sour milk;
  • Infusion of nettle for internal use;
  • Tincture of chestnut flowers on alcohol for internal use, etc.

Varicose veins - home treatment. Photos, results

treatment of varicose veins with alternative methods

Varicose veins are dangerous. The treatment, as well as the cost, are very important aspects. Photos of varicose veins and the results have collected a lot, users often post them on the network. Many of these recipes are based on folk wisdom, but they do not take into account modern approaches to examination and treatment.

Varicose veins: how to cure to the end

It is quite possible to cure varicose veins of the extremities. But for that you have to take your health seriously. Do not self-medicate, it is better to seek medical help in time. Complications of the disease are very unpleasant and even life-threatening.

Varicose veins: prevention

To prevent the development of varicose veins you need:

  • Track your weight.
  • Do not wear very high-heeled shoes, claws or tight socks.
  • Lead an active lifestyle and exercise daily.
  • Wear compression stockings against varicose veins.
  • Self-massage your feet.
  • Do some contrasting shotguns on the legs.
  • Avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight.
  • Do not abuse hot tubs and saunas.
  • Sleep with a roller under your feet.
  • See your doctor at the first symptoms of an illness.

By following these recommendations, you will be protected from varicose veins, although the probability of development is still present, since the hereditary factor is a predetermining factor.

In conclusion, we can say that varicose veins are a disease that can be successfully treated without surgery using endovascular and compression therapy, but for this it is necessary to visit a doctor in the early stages, when the symptoms are still poorly expressed. and things did not come to complications. Modern medicine has come forward, and at the moment there are excellent methods of endovascular treatment of this disease - fast, painless and effective. Compliance with the doctor's prescriptions, adherence to all instructions and refusal to self-treatment will give an excellent result in treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions About Varicose Veins

What is the best treatment for varicose veins?

Today, the best treatment for varicose veins will be an integrated approach, including modern endovascular intervention on the venous system, compression therapy and drug therapy.

Why do varicose veins form on the legs?

The venous vessels of the lower limbs undergo the greatest hydrostatic load, both during static and dynamic loads. By the way, varicose veins practically never occur in other mammals. To some extent, varicose veins are a person's payment for walking upright.

Why do varicose veins of the lower limbs develop?

Varicose veins of the lower limbs develop due to the following factors:

  • Inheritance.
  • Increased load on the lower limbs, especially static.
  • Obesity.
  • Age.
  • Gender, women are more at risk of developing varicose veins.

Can varicose veins be treated without going to the doctor?

Varicose veins cannot be cured without the participation of a doctor. Also, for proper treatment, you need to contact a specialized specialist, a phlebologist. Only if this condition is met, you will receive the expected result of the treatment of varicose veins.

Which operation is best for varicose veins?

Answer: The best surgery that modern medicine can offer today is the intra-vessel laser coagulation of varicose veins. It is this technology that is the gold standard for varicose vein treatment today.