Varicose veins

Varicose veins

A low aesthetic disease are varicose veins, which manifests itself in the expansion of superficial venous vessels, the mesh of which is visible through the skin. With this disease, blood circulation in these vessels is impaired, which can lead to a lack of oxygen supply and the removal of carbon dioxide. Symptoms are pronounced, so they need to be treated in a timely manner. It is best to avoid this disease altogether through prevention. Often the treatment of varicose veins consists of an operation.

Why do varicose veins occur? There are reasons that often occur in many people's lives:

  1. Metabolic disorders.
  2. Professions in which a person is constantly on their feet (salesmen, waiters, etc. ).
  3. Bad habits (smoking and alcohol) that negatively affect the state of blood vessels.
  4. Endocrine diseases.
  5. Chilli abuse.

The reasons for the development of varicose veins

Doctors are less and less inclined to believe that varicose veins are hereditary. This is not always the case. Scientists note other factors that often cause disease: lifestyle, hormones and nutrition.

Impaired metabolism is one of the causes of varicose veins. It leads to obesity, which is the result of an inactive lifestyle and poor diet, which are very common today. A person uses more and more intensive processing products, rejecting plant foods.

Even professions that make a person stand for a long time, or sit for a long time, or carry weights or make sudden movements, exert a great load on the veins. All this leads to the development of varicose veins over time.

  • Long flights or journeys affect the condition of the veins, which is often seen in the male half.
  • Women often suffer from varicose veins in the groin due to the use of tight underwear. They also suffer from varicose veins of the lower limbs if they often walk in high heels or uncomfortable soles.

Pregnancy also becomes a factor in the development of varicose veins, especially if there is a history of rheumatoid arthritis or osteoporosis.

Other causes of varicose veins are:

  1. Deep vein thrombosis.
  2. Prostate adenoma.
  3. Cough.
  4. Constant constipation.
  5. Surgery with anesthesia.

How to recognize varicose veins?

The very first sign of varicose veins is the appearance of a blue vein (mesh) on the surface of the skin. It usually appears on the thighs, in the places where cellulite is located - a disturbed exchange of fat that presses on the veins.

The second sign of varicose veins is the swelling of the soft tissues of the legs. When diagnosing the disease, it differs from kidney stones and cardiovascular failure.

The more varicose veins develop, the greater the pain in the calf muscles. The pain is pulling or sharp, usually worsening at lunchtime after a certain amount of stress has been exerted for the day.

One person complains about:

  1. Heavy legs.
  2. Trophic changes in the leg area.
  3. Night cramps.

When viewed externally, a grid or asterisks are visible, especially if the person is standing. If the patient takes a supine position, the external manifestations of varicose veins can become invisible. The swelling usually goes away after a night's rest.

Stages of varicose veins

Varicose veins are progressive and go through the following stages:

  1. The first: swelling of the veins, heterogeneity of the structure, thickening of the veins, formation of nodes and thrombophlebitis.
  2. The second is fatigue, irritability, fatigue, heaviness in the legs. Deterioration of health, the onset of insomnia and memory loss. There are complaints of nocturnal cramps. For a long time, the skin cannot take on the previous shape after removing the outerwear due to edema.
  3. The third is the trophic changes in the tibial region. The skin becomes brown, dry, cracked, lifeless. Development of dermatitis with a characteristic rash and itching. The swelling can now be found anywhere in the leg. The feeling of heaviness is reminiscent of a muscle burst. Any load leads to rapid fatigue, which causes depression, insomnia, weakness.
  4. Fourth - the stage of development of complications in the form of inflammation of the walls of the veins, bleeding or the appearance of trophic ulcers.
Pregnant woman consulting a phlebologist

Varicose veins during pregnancy

If a woman has a tendency to develop varicose veins or the first signs have already appeared before pregnancy, then when carrying a baby, this disease will manifest itself in full force. Usually 35% of women suffer from varicose veins during the first pregnancy, 50% - during the second and 75% - during the third.

Varicose veins are explained by the fact that blood enters the lower limbs, but its outflow becomes difficult. This leads to stagnation of blood, due to which the venous vessels expand and become visible. If a woman is not treated, there may be a risk that a blood clot will rupture, which will lead to the death of the mother and baby.

Other causes of varicose veins during pregnancy are:

  1. Hormonal changes.
  2. The enlargement of the uterus and its pressure on the vessels.
  3. Increased blood count.
  4. Individual characteristics.

Also, the pathology can manifest itself in the area of ​​the anus or outer lips.

Pelvic varicose veins

Varicose veins can develop not only in the legs,Varicose veins of the pelvisbut also in the pelvic area. This disease often develops in women. It is diagnosed by means of a three-dimensional ultrasound, in which it is possible to see the dilated veins of the small pelvis, as well as inflammatory processes in the uterus, ovaries and bladder.

The symptoms of varicose veins in the pelvis are similar to those of varicose veins in the legs. Severity and pain are felt in the lower abdomen. The reason is often pregnancy, pathology in the small pelvis, difficult childbirth. Other factors are:

  • Always carry the child with you.
  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • Taking oral contraceptives.
  • Congenital underdevelopment of the venous wall.

How are varicose veins treated?

Conservative treatment is allowed only with contraindications to surgical intervention or in the initial stage of varicose veins, when pathological changes have not yet occurred. Here they are used:

  • Bandage.
  • Compression stockings.
  • Constant change of position.
  • Raise your legs so they can rest.
  • Avoid poorly ventilated areas with high temperatures.
  • Elimination of large amounts of fluids and salt from the diet.
  • Taking diuretics.
  • Venoprotectors.
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Physical therapy for uncomplicated varicose veins: baths, swimming, water aerobics.
  • Ointments.
  • Hirudotherapy.

Operations for varicose veins

Tumescent anesthesia (application of a local anesthetic) is part of the procedure. This measure is necessary if the pathological changes have already begun.

A miniflebectomy is an operation that uses local anesthesia: small punctures are made on the surface of the skin directly to the veins.

Another type of surgery is the removal of the affected veins using short scripting.

Endoscopic vein dissection is another type of surgery: the use of an endoscopic apparatus to identify the affected area of ​​the vein.

Prevention and prognosis for varicose veins

Varicose veins can be prevented or blocked. To do this, it is necessary to observe preventive measures that give favorable predictions:

  1. Let go of bad habits.
  2. Wear compression garments.
  3. Massage for legs, thighs and back.
  4. Physical therapy.
  5. Stress relief.
  6. Maintain personal hygiene of the feet.
  7. Elimination of constipation.

The most effective method is to change your daily routine. You should cut out strenuous physical activity and get more rest. You can also resort to recipes from traditional medicine.