Varicose veins in the legs: symptoms and treatment

How many times does each of us see a doctor? Surely this only happens in cases where the pain or discomfort in one or another part of the body becomes simply unbearable. What if the disease manifests itself only in some external signs and does not make itself felt in any other way? Then you don't need to go to the doctor at all!
Obviously it isn't. One of these very common and almost non-manifested diseases are varicose veins. This disease develops on different parts of the body, mainly on the legs and arms, although there are also cases of varicose veins on internal organs, such as the ovaries and kidneys.

Varicose veins on the legs occur in people of various professions and ages, most often, of course, they occur in women of 30-40 years old and in men engaged in heavy power loads. It is estimated that one in three women in the world suffers from this disease and every ten men, and especially these numbers are high in the countries of the United States and Great Britain, this is where even the very young and girls are susceptible to the disease.

Varicose veins in the legs: symptoms

As mentioned above, varicose veins do not have pronounced symptoms, manifested with pain or discomfort, but nevertheless the disease has a number of signs that allow it to be identified in the early stages.
Here are the most common and common symptoms of varicose veins:

  • oddly enough, but this is pain. Even with such a disease, many patients experience pain symptoms, and the pain can be very different:
    1. pain when walking or running;
    2. "pains" in the affected areas of the legs;
    3. throbbing like hot pain in the legs;
    4. pain in the affected venous trunks;
    5. itchy leg muscles, night cramps
  • feeling of heaviness and fullness in the legs;
  • severe swelling in the legs, especially in the evening after a working day;
  • various skin changes, appear in the form of initial dryness of the skin, then the appearance of spots and other pigmentation, also later, itching on the skin, eczema, etc. ;
  • the appearance of varicose veins, they are also a manifestation of varicose veins;
  • protruding veins that protrude above the surface of the legs;
  • tortuous pattern of the veins (after injury, the veins change shape, instead of straight healthy veins, the patient sees winding and curved veins);
  • discoloration of the veins (may turn bright purple or even crimson);
  • in the advanced stage of the disease, patients often develop ulcers that take a long time and do not heal well

All of these symptoms are fairly easy to notice, often most people simply don't find it necessary to pay attention to them. However, varicose veins on the legs are very dangerous not only for aesthetic reasons, but also because they cause many complications throughout the human body. There are also cases where as a result of this disease patients have become disabled for life, there are few such cases, but they still exist.

The causes of varicose veins

Varicose veins are a very "insidious" disease, which is not always accompanied by specific reasons. Of course, there are reasons that seem to push the disease to its even greater and faster formation, these reasons should be kept in mind, especially when one has already begun to notice the first signs of the disease.
Here are the main and most common causes of varicose veins on the legs:

  • sex of the patient

    Unfortunately, statistics show that women, due to their physiology, are more susceptible to this disease, so they especially need to monitor their health;

  • genetic predisposition

    Although doctors are unable to explain why, everything suggests that varicose veins are a direct inherited disease, especially when the disease is passed from woman to woman. If one of your closest relatives has this disease, the likelihood of getting sick increases several times;

  • pregnancy

    Pregnant women usually have hormonal changes, this causes various changes in the body, including varicose veins;

  • taking hormones and oral contraceptives

    Here the reason is the same: against the background of taking these drugs in women, hormonal levels change significantly, this causes the disease;

  • frequent physical activity

    Intense and constant physical activity strongly causes the disease, first of all it concerns power loads. Such loads on the body increase venous pressure, and this contributes to the development of the disease. Athlete-bodybuilders who constantly expose their bodies to such loads are especially sensitive in this case;

  • sedentary work and extended leg work

    If you are constantly sitting in front of a computer or in the car, you are at risk, the same applies to long-term work on the legs, legsthey are constantly under pressure, there are disturbances in the blood flow;

  • unhealthy diet

    Strangely, diet and nutrition also affect the development of the disease. Hence, a large intake of salt and salty foods causes swelling and stagnation of excess fluid in the human body, and this also causes diseases;

  • overweight

    Excess weight greatly affects the development of the disease, even a few extra pounds can significantly accelerate the development of varicose veins on the legs;

  • uncomfortable shoes and clothes

    Wardrobe items such as very high heels, tight clothes, uncomfortable shoes, tight tights, etc. can provoke the appearance and development of varicose veins;

  • lack of simple physical activity

    Simple exercise and walking must be present in any person's life, if a person prefers to move only with the help of transport, then it is also arisk of patients with varicose veins.

Prevention of varicose veins

Simple prevention methods, unfortunately, do not always help to fully protect against the disease, but most of them will still help to "slow down" the disease or even avoid it altogether.
Here are some simple rules to help you forget about varicose veins at least for a while:

  • in charge

    Exercise is essential, you don't need to pester yourself with heavy exercise or something, just do a 10 minute exercise or pamper yourself walking to workfrom work, this is enough to strengthen your health;

  • rest

    If you sit often or, conversely, stand at work, you need to take short breaks that will help you relax your legs and improve blood flow in your legs. It is enough to do a couple of squats or walk around the room at least once every 20-30 minutes, this will help improve blood flow and reduce the likelihood of developing the disease;

  • "correct" wardrobe

    If you consider yourself at risk of developing varicose veins, pay attention to your wardrobe. Ideally, you should avoid very high heels, tight shoes, and clothes. If you are not ready to completely abandon this, then at least wear these shoes and clothes not very often;

  • correct diet

    Make sure you give up the consumption of very salty, fatty and smoked foods, they cause a real stagnation of blood in the body and excess fluids. Make sure you drink as much water as possible and eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, this is not only good for the legs, but also for the whole body;

  • weight

    If you are overweight, try to eat a healthy diet and do light exercise to help you lose weight and increase blood flow.

Varicose veins in the legs and methods of treatment

How to treat varicose veins on the legs?

For the treatment of varicose veins, unfortunately, there are no strict rules and special drugs. Most often, phlebologists recommend a number of simple measures, which are described above, and also recommend some drugs, but they are not always effective.
Each year, various companies offer a variety of new drugs and remedies that help reduce the manifestation of the disease in a number of patients. There are many such funds, many of which are quite expensive and require constant compliance with certain rules and recommendations, but they can help only some patients who have the disease only at an early stage.

There are even a huge number of alternative treatment methods, they must be used constantly, otherwise there will be no results, such methods can be safely applied directly at home, do not require a doctor's consultation or any help.
Here are some simple and fairly effective "home" treatments for varicose veins:

  • apple cider vinegar

    You have to rub your feet all over the perimeter with apple cider vinegar for at least a month, you have to do it every day, in addition to this you have to drink a glass ofplain water with a teaspoon of the same vinegar;

  • upright position

    It is also extremely helpful, although keeping your legs upright for 10 minutes each day, this simple exercise is extremely helpful in improving blood flow and relieving pressure in thelegs;

  • green tomatoes

    For long-term treatment (at least 6 months) simple green tomatoes are suitable, which must first be cut into large circles and applied to the affected veins, wrapped well withbandages on top and so you go to bed, after a while the veins will begin to narrow;

  • raw potatoes

    Take some raw potatoes and grate them finely to make a puree. This puree should be applied to swollen veins and wrapped with cling film around the leg, this should be left for at least 4 hours and then washed off with water. This is also a long-term treatment, which must be applied for at least six months, during which almost all patients observe a decrease or even a disappearance of pain and heaviness in the legs, and after 6-8 months the affected veins "fall "into place;

  • Cocktail for varicose veins

    This cocktail is good for the whole body as it only needs simple ingredients: almonds, purified water and honey. Pre-boil the water, grind the walnuts into powder, pour boiling water over a tablespoon of nut powder, add a tablespoon of honey and let it sit for an hour. This cocktail is best to drink twice a day, preferably before breakfast and two hours after breakfast.

Of course, it is worth noting that these methods do not always help cure varicose veins, but they can at least be an excellent prevention of this disease. At the moment, the most effective and in demand method is still the surgical treatment of varicose veins of the legs, which is used everywhere. With the help of surgical intervention, diseased veins can be removed permanently without harm to health, this is the fastest and most effective method of treatment.